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The Gambia General Information
 
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The Gambia Geography
 
 
 

General

Located on the west coast of Africa, The Gambia has an area of 11,300 km² (4,363 mi²), extending 338 km (210 mi) east to west, and 47 km (29 mi) north to south. Comparatively, the area occupied by The Gambia is slightly less than the size of Jamaica. Bounded on the north, east and south by Senegal (with which it is joined in the Confederation of Senegambia) and on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, The Gambia has a total boundary length of 820 km (510 mi), of which 80 km (50 mi) is coastline. The Gambia's capital city, Banjul, is located on the Atlantic coast.

The Gambia River, the country's major waterway, rises in Guinea and follows a twisting path for about 1,600 km (1,000 mi) to the sea. In its last 470 km (292 mi), the river flows through the Republic of The Gambia, narrowing to a width of 5 km (3 mi) at Banjul; during the dry season, tidal saltwater intrudes as far as 250 km (155 mi) upstream. Brown mangrove swamps line both sides of the river for the first 145 km (90 mi) from the sea; the mangroves then give way to more open country and, in places, to red ironstone cliffs. The land on either side of the river is generally open savannah with wooded areas along the drainage channels. Elevation reaches a maximum of 73 m (240 ft).

The Gambia has a subtropical climate with distinct cool and hot seasons. From November to mid-May there is uninterrupted dry weather, with temperatures as low as 16°C (61°F) in Banjul and surrounding areas. Hot, humid weather predominates the rest of the year, with a rainy season from June to October; during this period, temperatures may rise as high as 43°C (109°F) but are usually lower near the sea. Mean temperatures range from 23°C (73°F) in January to 27°C (81°F) in June along the coast, and from 24°C (75°F) in January to 32°C (90°F) in May inland. The average annual rainfall ranges from 92 cm (36 in) in the interior to 145 cm (57 in) along the coast.

Overview

Location :
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal

Geographic coordinates :
13 28 N, 16 34 W

Map references :
Africa

Area :
total: 11,295 sq km
land: 10,000 sq km
water: 1,295 sq km

Area - comparative :
slightly less than twice the size of Delaware


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